Home > Natural Damascus > Kassioun Mountain
had a sacred significance to the people of Damascus and it was
associated with lots of fictitious romances. It contains a lot of
archeological and sanctuary places and rises about 1200 meters above
sea level. The name Kassioun comes from the desolate nature of the
mountain. Buildings expanded in Damascus and reached the foot of the
the year 551 of Hijri – 1130 A.C, the first caravan of Palestinian
refugees arrived to Damascus escaping from the Crusaders’ massacres.
The immigration continued and hundreds of immigrants settled down in a
mosque, near the present Sheikh Reslan. The place wasn’t healthy enough
and too many people died of diseases. As a result, a proper place was
required and immigrants moved on to Al-Saliheyah village at the foot of
Kassioun mountain close to Yazeed River and led a new life there. That
was assigned to those Palestinian people who were known for their
knowledge and godliness. There had been a myth on everybody’s mouth
about that mountain ; it said that when Cain, the son of Adam, killed
his brother Abel, Kassioun split apart and swallowed the murderer.
is also Jebral's Cave where angels consoled Adam for losing his son Abel.
This mountain, including Al-Rabouha, was a summer residence for kings
and princes where they built their castles and playgrounds.
The Abbasite Caliph Al-Mamoon built his famous observatory on its top
to watch planets and stars. There are lots of monasteries, but most of
them are desolated. One of the most famous monastery is Mouran Laura
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